We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. When he was being taken back to Athens for charges, he managed to escape in the sea and later joined the Spartans side where he gave them all the secrets of the expeditions (Bagnall 148). This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. More time went by, and the Spartans began to grow conscious of the other states, feeling wary and paranoid around them (Fox, 170). Corcyra (the city-state) was backed by Athens, while Epidamnos (the colony) was backed, THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR Thus, they concentrated to keep their fleet save to take them back to Athens. Even afterwards the navy was also beaten and the Athenians were horribly destroyed and now they tried to retreat. GradesFixer.com uses cookies. The Spartans adapted a traditional strategy that involved gathering a large and powerful hoplite army at Corinth’s isthmus. Around 425 the picture was blank for Sparta which began to sue for peace. Sparta on the other hand was leader of an alliance of independent states that included a lot of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece as well as the sea power Corinth. According to Bagnall (192), the fear could be linked to Corinth, the Spartan leader who feared Athenian imperialism in contrast to fearing the size of the army. GradesFixer. The Peloponnesian War Essay. Encyclopedia Britannica (a). Kallet, L. (2001). The Peloponnesian War, 431-404 B.C., brought an end to the Golden Age of Athens. The Peloponnesian war (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian led by Sparta. Its two conflicting forces were the Peloponnesian League, which was headed by the city-state Sparta, and the Delian League, which was headed city-state of Athens. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Reference: Cawkwell, G. L. (1997). The Peloponnesian War was fueled by an intense rivalry between the two city states, Sparta and Athens, and was comprised of two smaller wars and one isolated expedition of expansion to Sicily. The Peloponnesian War, 431-404 B.C., brought an end to the Golden Age of Athens. Since no amount of provocation would make the Athenians hoplites to fight back, Peloponnesian had to retire and disperse after several weeks. We’ve got you covered. A series of conflicts occurred during the “Thirty Year’s Peace” that pushed Sparta and Athens to war again. 28). Get a verified writer to help you with Peloponnesian War. Class From that Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. Spartan had invaded Attica in the hope that Athens hoplites would offer resistance of which they would attack fiercely and the plan was to end the war as soon as possible. The two main protagonists from opposing sides Lysander and Alcibiades had the most influential impact on the end of the war. Athens and her empires (Spartans) engaged each other fiercely in the war. The roots of the conflict and in particular this expedition is highly complex. The Athens and Sparta had already fought each other before the Peloponnesian War, in what some may consider as the first Peloponnesian War, which as a result they agreed to call it even and had this thing called the Thirty Years Treaty in 445 which was kind of like a peacemaker. The city of Athens in Europe was the birthplace of democracy and became the most powerful and the leading city in the Ancient Greece during the first millennium BC. Many were the underlying factors behind this war which lasted up to 404BC. For example, the decline of several industries led to high unemployment. This documentary was very moving! Democracy was overthrown by the government party (oligarchical) which was then replaced by the more moderate regime of the Five Thousand. The Peloponnesian War was a series of battles that were fought between 431-401 B.C.E. Thucydides account shows that Pericles had prepared for the war by assessing the strengths and weaknesses of Athenian army long before the Peloponnesian league (McKay et al. After gaining reinforcements in 413, the Athenian army was defeated once again. Spartan originality during the plague years were all unsuccessful except for one the captured of the strategic Plataea in 427. If you fit this description, you can use our free essay samples to generate ideas, get inspired and figure out a title or outline for your paper. He was then summoned back to Athens when he was in Sicily but he fearing that he could possibly be condemned unjustly, he opted not to return to Athens and instead defected to the side of Spartans (Krentz, P, 1982). In a battle at Amphipolis in 422 both Brasidas and Athenian leader Cleon were dead. 205). The foremost volume in Thucydides 'History of the Peloponnesian War covers a summary of Greece's early history, a programmatic historiographical note, and an explanation for why the War was waged. Around 425 the picture was blank for Sparta which began to sue for peace. Towards the end of 411 Athenians rebuilt their Navy which wa fresh from several victories and acted to restore democratic rule. The Athenians had the stronger navy and were better stable with money than their enemies and the Spartans had the stronger army. The new Athenian leader in the name of Alcibiades came up with another strategy to build up on his uncle’s strategy. By 411 Athens were in a huge decision crises. Jun. In 1929, the Labour Party, which was the largest party in Great Britain, couldn’t solve the problems and fell from power two years later. This peace was broken around 415 when the Athenians launched a massive assault/threat against Sicily. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Thucydides, an Athenian General, wrote an account of the Peloponnesian War. also offered here. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. and involved two Greek city-states, namely, Sparta and Athens. 2019 Feb 27 [cited 2020 Nov 4]. The Peloponnesian War: Athens, Sparta, and the Struggle for Greece. Just after the departure of the Persians friction began between the Athens and the Peloponnese states including Sparta who were trying to hinder the Athenians from building the walls of Athens but their hindrances were thwarted (Cawkwell, G, 1997). Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. Finally, the members of this coalition joined the Peloponnesian league. 615). As a result of this Alcibiades exiled himself from Athens because he was not re-elected as the general of the Athenians. A lot of efforts were made to resolve the arguments but it failed. Killing a large number of civilians and large parts of the army. This is where the second period began of the Peloponnesian War. Since Thucydides is based primarily on the history of the Peloponnesian War, the lack of referencing, The Peloponnesian war (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian led by Sparta. But they changed their minds the next day and killed only the leaders of the revolt. Athenians had made a gross error to withdraw Alcibiades while he was the key architect behind the expedition. Here is where the Peticles declined to attract the superior allied forces but instead insisted the Athenians to keep to their city and harras the enemies coast and shipping. He became a resourceful person to the Spartans by revealing to the Spartans the underlying plans of the Athenians as pertained to the city of Sicily including the Athenian plan to use Sicily as a springboard to conquer Italy and use the resources plus the soldiers in these new conquests to conquer all the Peloponnese. Thucydides survive an attacked on the plague left an impressive amount of its impact on the Athenian confidence. This was the period in which a diplomatic maneuvers gave the way to small-scale military operations as every city tried to win smaller states over to its side. All this events marked the birthpangs of Peloponnesian war. Modern scholars have tried to make several interpretations to the war by critical reading of Thucydides account (Bagnall 122). Their only passion was in Peloponnesus. 6). Although the Spartans gave the Athenians a chance to back, The Peloponnesian War finally ended in 405 BC, when the Athenians stopped to gather fresh water and supplies, leaving themselves vulnerable to the Spartans. Henry David Thoreau once stated in Civil Disobedience “I was not born to be forced. Introduction. Athenian army was ill equipped, and they could not win the war. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/peloponnesian-war/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. Date Athens navy was, The Peloponnesian War pitted the Athenians against the Spartans. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. This was led by Brasidas, he was a hero of the Battle of Delium, a Spartan force gained a huge successes in Chalcidice in 424 pushing and encouraging the Athenians subject states to revolt. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. Because of the Pericicles (the most influential leader) Athens refused to back down. This name was given because really it was a long series of conflicts between both Athens and Sparta that eventually ended with a surrender of the Athens in 404 BC. This essay has been submitted by a student. 2011, web. What effects did World War I have on social classes? Many states in Greek also had democracies but not in the Athenian model nor were they as powerful and stable as the Athenian democracy. The conflicts that existed between Athenians and the Peloponnesian league are myriad. The following year (404) starved by the. The poem we have been analysing in class, Dulce et Decorum Est, was written by a man named Wilfred Owen. Type: You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. Name But with the help from Spartans, the Athenians were all defeated miserably thus they were unable to invade the city. Sparta was established as the leading power in Greece whereas Athens which was the powerful state was lowered into subjection. As the war progressed, Athenians were receiving more courage to launch more daring attacks. According to Bagnall (122), the major cause of the war as accounted by Thucydides was the indiscriminate expansion of Athenian power. IvyPanda. They also adapted another strategy in an attempt to damage Spartan economy, where they built a fortress at Pylos from where they used to receive runaway slaves and helots (Encyclopedia Britannica (b) par. Thucydides used the events of the 50-year period before the war to arrive at his ideology of what would have sparked the war (Encyclopedia Britannica (b) par.

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